In the cold war, the threats from the Soviet Union seemed to come of being Communist. The Soviet Empire disappeared, and seduced by capitalism the few countries nominally Communist (China, Viet Nam), the current Russia fiercely capitalist is not a friend of the soul of what was then called West. Putin, warned him to refer the candidate to the Presidency of the Russian Federation that he had been appointed to succeed him, Medvedev, faithful collaborator of his time at the St. Petersburg City Council: do not think that our partners will have easier with Medvedev, he said with sarcasm. Russia is armed and acting with suspicion to the European Union. But there is more. In early 2006, Oksana Chelysheva, Deputy Director of the Chechen Friendship Society, said that he would describe as disastrous the situation of human rights in Russia.
Harassment of civilians and solidarity organizations, police violence, brutality in the army, judiciary tethering, executions and disappearances in Chechnya Three years later, since a few days, Amnesty International denounced that, although President Medvedev promised to respect and protect human rights and civic freedoms, few efforts are to improve the situation of human rights in the Russian Federation. Still prevailing impunity in attacks against activists of civil society, journalists and the legal profession as well as human rights violations committed by law enforcement officials. Instability and armed conflicts are hallmarks of the region of the North Caucasus, where the legitimate objective by the State to tackle the violence of armed groups is carried out violated human rights and international law. Persist enforced disappearances and abductions, arbitrary arrests, torture and even the deaths of detainees. Also the President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE, Goran Lennmarker, said about the 2007 Russian legislative election: these elections cannot be they correspond to the criteria that we have in Europe. And other international observers stated that the last Russian presidential election, which gave 70% of the votes to the candidate of Putin, Medvedev, have called into question the freedom of Russian voters (). The elections had the characteristics of a plebiscite on the last eight years in this country, according to report by 22 delegates from the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.