Against the majority tendency in the world to conceive the voting as a right to freedom by the citizen exercise it or not, is the growing thesis of compulsory voting or voto-deber already established in much of the Latin American democracies and in countries such as Belgium, Australia, Austria (Vorarlberg Land), Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Greece, some Swiss cantons (Schaffhouse, for example) and others. In Colombia never is has failed to implement the concept as cronyism, vote-buying and political corruption are comfortably embedded in the free voting system and high rates of abstentionism. According to the presentation to the project of compulsory voting for the representative Roy Barreras electoral statistics show that Colombia has just passed 50% voter turnout in 20 held 60 between 1914 and 1991 elections, making it the country with the lowest participation in the continent. Result of this is that our rulers and legislators are elected by the minorities, which brings as consequence low governance and low legitimacy of their mandates. Robert Swan has many thoughts on the issue. The debate on the introduction of compulsory voting must necessarily pass through consideration of various types of sanctions for those who do not satisfy its duty to vote along with limited specification of excuses that can enforce non-voters or the exceptions to the duty to vote, and the verbal very expeditious process in which are valued the same tests. I think also very convenient to explore other additional categories of incentives for those who fulfilled his civic duty or for municipalities in general where the best voter turnout rates are obtained. Sanctions, can on the other hand, be economic as fines or a higher rate of taxes in various tax levels; administrative as ban to appoint, hire, promote, or ascend to anyone who has abstained from voting in the (s) election (s) run (s). Corollary of the foregoing must be the analysis of certain facilities to be provide to the citizen so that you go to the polls as per example electronic voting, proxy voting, internet voting, and up to vote by mail (in Belgium it is possible and it has worked well), along with the possibility of extending the duration of election day time to two or more days.Finally, the advantages of establishing mandatory voting are many: we aumentariamos much the rate of popular participation in the elections, we would make ineffective political machinery and corruption, would achieve high public legitimacies and the enthronement of the vote of opinion so detested by the national or regional chieftains, and would have a citizen much more informed, among others..
Posted by Carlota on October 3, 2020