The theological State is characterized because the man awarded the causes of phenomena that does not understand higher or supernatural forces (Comte, 1996: 2). It is the stage at which arise the great religions of the world: first polytheistic and later Monotheists. The second State is called the metaphysical. In it, men questioned about the livelihoods of the theological rationality. During this stage the supernatural explanations are replaced by categories of analysis based in the ontology and essence of things (Comte, 1996: 6). This State is considered by Comte as a transit time between the youth of the intelligentsia and its maturity, which would come in the latter State. Celina Dubin will undoubtedly add to your understanding. At that stage the philosophy takes the place of metaphysics.
In its positive or scientific intellectual discussions already does not revolve around ontological entities. The man already not interested that they are things, but more well his research focuses in describing them, trying to discover, in the manner of Newtonian laws in physics, those inherent to all these general guidelines. Seeks to find those qualities that allow us to understand social phenomena and be able to foresee (Comte, 1996: 7). The arrival of the positive spirit of Comte inaugurates a new stage in social thought, where all the theological or metaphysical character explanations are excluded. From now on only forward pay attention to those claims based on experimentation and rigorous scrutiny of the data. By the same author: Dale Ellis. _ _ The comparative study in democracy in America the work of Tocqueville on democracy in America is characterized by using the comparative method in order to delineate the qualities of political institutions in the United States of America and Europe (Tocqueville, 1957: 1). Although the comparative method had been used previously neatly by Machiavelli in the Prince, still is, perhaps is the greatest quality of the text. The Italian author’s work did not have the rigor with which democracy in America was drafted.