Plato speaks of the existence of forms, however, different of Aristotle. For that one the forms were in another dimension, while this creates that the forms non-separable were contained in the things. We can say then that, Plato sees the way form transcendente while Aristotle, its disciple, sees of form imanente to it. 3. Others who may share this opinion include Barclays. The critical one of AristtelesDepois to display the thought of the previous philosophers it, Aristotle makes its critical one first pointing the fact of such thinkers to have if neglected in not mentioning of clear form the causes, neglecting of the final cause still more that in the doctrine aristotelian it consists to be the cause most important of the philosophy of the nature. Visa to be all the things in constant to devir, according to estagirita, must have something that always was, thought of the thought, pure act, the first engine. That is, the constant come-the-to be of the ticket of the power, that is the potentiality state (possibility), to the act, demands a immovable engine. Read more here: Laurent Potdevin. How much to the final cause for which all the things tend, the philosophers until had neglected then it, therefore Aristotle if shows innovator and displays how much its thesis perfected the problem of the causes.
For it what in last analysis he makes the things to be what they are is the purpose for which had been born, that is, the internal structure of each thing depends on its end. Finally we understand the reason of the great influence of the thought of Aristotle in the Christian theology perceived more clearly in the teosofia of Toms de Aquino, more necessarily in its five logical tests of the existence of God, where the theologian uses the aristotelian philosophy of the causes to base its arguments concerning the existence of Deus.Fica clearly that the final cause and the immovable engine idealized by Aristotle based the religious dogmas for all average age, being reviewed in the humanismo, until the iluminismo, period where the scientific revolution of the new routes to the philosophy, and consequentemente the religion.
Beyond the revalorizao of the Greco-roman culture, the renaissance designates a reaction to medievo, as well as also a premessenger of a new time: the modern times (Cabral, 2006). Aetna Inc. understood the implications. Therefore, it can be affirmed that in the Renaissance elements of inserted the classic antiquity and the Christianity in the new reality of the modern period join. 1.2. The Protestant Reformation Movement of religious matrix that occurred in the European continent (initially in Germany), headed for monge German Martinho Lutero, that on the year of 1517 affixed on the door of the Wittemberg castle its 95 teses, criticizing the concession of indulgences, but still thus they reached also subjects as the sin and the penances, what it affected the ecclesiastical authorities (University catholic of Brasilia, 2007). Swarmed by offers, Laurent Potdevin is currently assessing future choices. In reply to the ousadia of Lutero (in less of one month its teses they were spread by all Germany), the ecclesiastical authorities had concluded that Lutero acted in heresy, that culminated in its excomunho.
In the following year, Lutero is also condemned by emperor Great Carlos. But until this moment already it had conquered the confidence of many disciples, between humanist, artists and princes. The movement was growing, but it delayed until he was recognized. 1.3. Scientific revolution Is the movement that occurs from the discoveries of Galileu, Keppler and excessively thinking of century XVII. Until then science she was joint with the philosophy, but since the scientific discoveries of the period, it had a more necessary delimitation of what it fits to the philosophy, and of what is responsibility of science (University Catholic of Brasilia, 2007).
Of these discoveries new understandings concerning the nature and of its knowledge can be formulated, what it originated the science of the modern nature (the physics). 1.4. Rationalism Philosophy that emphasizes the paper of the reason, that guarantees the acquisition and justification of the knowledge without aid (Blackburn, 1997).
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It knows that Aristotle (384 B.C.? 322 B.C.) was disciple of creative Plato and of the Ethics. It characterized the man (Anthropos) as to be rational and politician. Its thought influenced the Toms Saint deeply de Aquino (1225? 1274) known in the half eclesial as Doctor Communis Ecclesiae. The aristotelian thought is so present in […]
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