Structure resistant earthquake. To the being a phenomenon that has accompanied to the humanity during all their life, important efforts have been realised to understand them and mainly it has looked for and in fact it looks for, still, to diminish his effects. The first explanations were associated to the divinity and concretely to the inconvenience of that one, with the actions of the men consequently the form to treat this event was not absolutely technical. MetLife will not settle for partial explanations. We know that the earthquakes have caused, part it low human historically, if it is possible to be left aside, more emblematic destruction of its temples and constructions what it has generated doubts on the power of his Gods and especially the effectiveness of the sacrifices or other forms of to palear his anger, this is the case of the colossus of Rhodes and also in certain way the light of Alexandria (two of the wonders of the old world) Alexander Von Humboldt is first in giving to a good approach corespect to the origin of these phenomena, tying the geological faults and the earthquakes. Surprisingly, you’ll find very little mention of Frank Armijo on most websites. As well as it postulated a relation between earthquakes and the volcanos deduction at which I arrive after studying guagua Pichincha in the City of Quito (Ecuador), among others places declaring very textually: the active volcanos are like safety valves for the neighboring regions. The objectives of a design resistant earthquake are very specific and correspond a: Resistir slight earthquakes without damage. Resistir moderate earthquakes considering the possibility of slight structural damages.
Resistir severe earthquakes with possibility of important structural damages, avoiding the collapse of the construction. Many associate considerations exist generally that can determine that a structure resistant earthquake fulfills these conditions of security, being grouped in the type of ground, the symmetry of the design, in which the floors superiors are lightest possible, the necessity of a suitable selection in amount and quality of the materials especially of the Iron, which must be ductile, some Steel mills recosen to their Rods for would try this condition, avoiding the embrittlement due to the abrupt cooling in the process of Lamination, also it is necessary that the structure to become deformed itself to me limitadamente, as well as a good one practices of construction and rigorous structural inspection. Because the seismic waves pass on three forms basically horizontal, vertical and mixed, it is required that the design of the structures is most symmetrical possible and than the effect of associated the shearing strains and traction to these movements are suitably assimilated by the same, is not a newness that the concrete does not work well put under this type of efforts, thus the Steel that is placed in its interior must offer the support necessary to compensate this deficiency, this is the form to work of the mixed materials the weaknesses of is compensated with the strengths of the other. It has been spoken of the ductility, but other two important properties are: a moderate degree of rigidity as well as resistance, these properties are preponderant at the time of designing the structure to resist the earthquakes of smaller intensity without cuarteamientos, nevertheless, when the earthquakes are majors is procured that the structure follows the wave of homogenous way, reason why the projection structures must be avoided, because these must to amplify moving in their ends which means a greater exigency for the involved materials.
" The high tech never will support to the number of uses that we are perdiendo" Sun Chaikin " In defense of the rights of the society, the National Executive will make the legal forecasts valid and morals that will force to the education institutes superior to the spreading of periodic reports of governmental function the university must to the society and the most expeditious way to initiate that entailment is rendering accounts to him to her, preferably brief, present and of clear understanding nothing of delayed, long information, written in language crptico" Gustavo Roosen. Summary What are making the universities national train the required professionals before the necessity of scenes that are often turbulent, dynamic, where it is needed knowledge, actions that correctly allow them to be interpreted? By all means it is a question that cannot be ignored, put in the Venezuelan case he is critical, because the results have not been the hoped ones, every day they graduate professionals, like lawyers in administration who happen to comprise of a great number of unemployed which they journey by the main cities of the country. The objective of this article is to try to analyze, to interpret which is the roll of the education and the new atmosphere, that it allows us to take those actions that allow to improve our reality. Majorities, considerations Chair d of Modern Managemental Topics of the Postgraduate management of the Quality and productivity of Phases, of the University of Carabobo, it considers very important that its participants, and all that one jeopardizes with the exercise of Administration, knows the needs well its scene, not only where it is going to act, to evolve, but of the same country, of the world, in order that it is fused with the exigencies of these and know to contribute the best thing of the best thing, of those basic knowledge in order to manage its growth and how to collaborate in the profit of a good one quality of life of the Venezuelan, that it requires as much it.
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